8th International Conference on Belief Functions, September 2nd-4th, Belfast, United Kingdom.

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The local organization has secured some rooms in hotels with discounted rates (Accommodations)

Registration links are now open

Elsevier will sponsor Belief 2024 with a total prize pool of 1000€ for best paper(s).

The international conference dedicated to belief functions

The theory of belief functions, also referred to as evidence theory or Dempster-Shafer theory, was first introduced by Arthur P. Dempster in the context of statistical inference, and was later developed by Glenn Shafer as a general framework for modelling epistemic uncertainty. These early contributions have been the starting points of many important developments, including the Transferable Belief Model and the Theory of Hints. The theory of belief functions is now well established as a general framework for reasoning with uncertainty, and has well understood connections to other frameworks such as probability, possibility and imprecise probability theories.

The biennial BELIEF conferences, sponsored by the Belief Functions and Applications Society, are dedicated to the confrontation of ideas, the reporting of recent achievements and the presentation of the wide range of applications of this theory. The first edition of this conference series was held in Brest, France, in 2010, the second edition in Compiègne, France, in 2012, the third edition in Oxford, UK, in 2014, the fourth edition in Prague, Czech Republic, in 2016, the fifth edition in Compiègne, France, in 2018, the sixth edition in Shanghai, China, in 2021, and the seventh edition in Paris, France, in 2022.

The Eighth International Conference on Belief Functions (BELIEF 2024) will be held in Belfast Campus, Ulster University, Belfast, United Kingdom, on September 2nd-4th, 2024. It will be colocated with the 23rd UK Workshop on Computational Intelligence (UKCI 2024). Participants will be able to attend presentations at both conferences. The colocation of the two events is intended to favour cross-fertilization among researchers active in both communities.

Important dates

  • May 16, 2024: Final paper submission deadline
  • June 5, 2024: Author notification
  • June 18, 2024: Camera-ready copy due


Proceedings of the previous editions of BELIEF have been published by Springer-Verlag as volumes of the Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (LNCS/LNAI) series and indexed by: ISI Web of Science; EI Engineering Index; ACM Digital Library; dblp; Google Scholar; IO-Port; MathSciNet; Scopus; Zentralblatt MATH. Formal confirmation for the publication of this year’s proceedings will be announced soon.

IJAR Special issue

Authors of selected papers from the BELIEF 2024 conference will be invited to submit extended versions of their papers for possible inclusion in a special issue of the International Journal of Approximate Reasoning.

Author instructions

Authors should submit their papers through Microsoft CMT following the submission guideline, Springer.

The expected length of papers is no longer than 8 pages, references included, that should present original contributions with significant results.


Original contributions are solicited on theoretical aspects, but not limited to

  • Combination rules
  • Conditioning
  • Continuous belief functions
  • Independence and graphical models
  • Geometry and distance metrics
  • Mathematical foundations
  • Computational frameworks
  • Data and information fusion
  • Links with other uncertainty theories
  • Tracking and data association
  • Statistical Inference
  • Machine Learning and Pattern recognition
  • Clustering and Classification

as well as on applications to various areas including, but not limited to

  • Applications in network analysis
  • Applications in environment and climate change
  • Applications in biology and medical diagnosis
  • Applications in risk and reliability analysis
  • Applications in business and economics
  • Applications in vision and image processing

Paper Presentation and Publication

Each paper must have at least one author registered with an academic/industrial registration (i.e., not a student registration) with payment received by the author-registration deadline of June 18 to avoid being withdrawn from the conference. A single, academic/industrial registration may cover up to two (2) papers. When registering, please enter the ID number(s) of the paper(s) that you will be covering with your academic/industrial registration.

If you are a student who will be presenting a paper, and you are covering that paper with your registration, then an academic/industrial registration is required for you.

BELIEF 2024 requires that each accepted paper be presented by one of the authors in person or, in case of impossibility due to, e.g., travel restrictions, online at the conference site according to the schedule published.

Any paper accepted in the technical program, but not presented on-site or online, will be removed from the official proceedings archived by Springer.


The BELIEF 2024 Conference will take place in the BB Building of the Belfast Campus at Ulster University, in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on 2nd - 4th September 2024. For more information about the venue, please get in the Belfast Campus of Ulster University at Belfast Campus of Ulster University


The local organization has secured some rooms in the following hotels, all conveniently located within walking distance of the Belfast campus of Ulster University: Ramada Belfast | Hilton Hotel Belfast | Europa Hotel

We strongly recommend participants to book their accommodations as soon as possible, given the high demand for the destination in September.

More hotels with the discounted rates can be booked directly by phone or email:

Hotel Phone Number Email
AC Hotel Belfast +44 (0) 28 95 313 180
Holiday Inn Belfast City Centre +44 (0) 28 90 878 796
Hampton by Hilton +44 (0) 28 90 878 793
Holiday Inn Express Belfast City +44 (0) 28 90 891 894
Ibis Belfast City Centre +44 (0) 28 90 891 941


Please visit the website

Keynote speakers

Zhi-Hua Zhou

Professor Zhi-Hua Zhou, Nanjing University, China

Zhi-Hua Zhou is Professor of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence at Nanjing University. His research interests are mainly in machine learning and data mining, with significant contributions to ensemble learning, multi-label and weakly supervised learning, etc. He has authored the books "Ensemble Methods: Foundations and Algorithms", "Machine Learning", etc., and published more than 200 papers in top-tier journals or conferences. Many of his inventions have been successfully transferred to industry. He founded ACML (Asian Conference on Machine Learning), served as Program Chair for AAAI-19, IJCAI-21, etc., General Chair for ICDM'16, SDM'22, etc., and Senior Area Chair for NeurIPS and ICML. He is series editor of Springer Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, on the advisory board of AI Magazine, and serves as editor-in-chief of Frontiers of Computer Science, associate editor of AIJ, MLJ, etc. He is IJCAI President, Fellow of the ACM, AAAI, AAAS, IEEE, member of the Academia Europaea, and recipient of the National Natural Science Award of China, the IEEE Computer Society Edward J. McCluskey Technical Achievement Award, the CCF-ACM Artificial Intelligence Award, etc.

Prakash P. Shenoy

Professor Prakash P. Shenoy, University of Kansas, United States

Prakash P. Shenoy is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the School of Business at the University of Kansas. He was appointed Ronald G. Harper Distinguished Professor of Artificial Intelligence in 1994. His research interests are uncertain reasoning, decision analysis, and game theory. He is the inventor of valuation-based systems, an abstract framework for knowledge representation and inference that includes Bayesian probabilities, Dempster-Shafer belief functions, Spohn's kappa calculus, Zadeh's possibility theory, propositional logic, optimization, solving systems of equations, database retrieval, and other domains. He is also the co-inventor of the so-called "Shenoy-Shafer architecture" with Glenn Shafer for finding marginals of multivariate probability distributions using local computation. In 2012, with the help of Dean Neeli Bendapudi, and his colleagues in Decision Sciences, Marketing, and Finance, he formed the Center for Business Analytics Research (CBAR) in the School of Business, University of Kansas. He retired from the School of Business in August 2023 after 45 years on the faculty.

Frederic Pichon

Professor Frederic Pichon, Artois University, France

Frédéric Pichon is a Full Professor at Artois University, France, where he co-leads the Decision and Information Fusion team of the Laboratory of Computer Engineering and Automation of Artois. He is a member of the Board of Directors and the treasurer of the Belief Functions and Applications Society. He is an Area Editor of the International Journal of Approximate Reasoning. He earned a Habilitation degree from Artois University in 2018. Before joining Artois University in 2013, he was a research engineer at the Decision Technologies and Mathematics Laboratory of Thales Research and Technology – a position he took in 2009 after completing his PhD under the supervision of Prof. Thierry Denoeux at the University of Technology of Compiègne. His main contributions are in information fusion, classification and optimization, and are based on the theory of belief functions.



Type Early Bird Registration Open Until: June 24, 2024 Registration
Academic/industrial (Regular) £325 £375
Student £225 £275

Registration fees include:
Full participation to BELIEF and UKCI conferences, including keynote presentations
BELIEF 2024 conference proceedings
Gala dinner
Welcome reception
Coffee breaks and lunches
Conference bag

Registration links and policies

On-site and online participants must register using one of the following links: Academic/industrial (Regular) | Student

Participants have to pay the suitable registration fee. Before pursuing, make sure to read carefully the payment guidelines:

  • Each attendee must register separately.
  • Please contact the committee at, if you have any doubts about your registration fee, as the payment is not refundable.
  • Please state during registration in the text field (along with the paper ID if your registration covers a paper) if you have specific food allergies or choices (e.g. vegetarian, vegan etc).
  • Student registration must be accompanied by proof of student status (e.g., student ID card); this proof must be provided to the organizers at in order to fully validate the registration.
  • Single-day conference registration fees are not available.
  • It is not possible to transfer a registration, which is personal. Changes of the name associated with a registration will not be accepted and will be treated as a new registration.

Visas and Letters of Invitation

Participants are requested to familiarize themselves with their own applicable visa requirements well in advance of the conference. Present worldwide security regulations generally result in more stringent visa requirements and associated longer visa processing time. The BELIEF 2024 organizers cannot intervene with embassies or consulates on behalf of any participant.

In order to obtain a letter of invitation for visa purposes, contact the Organizing Committee directly.

Camera-ready preparation

BELIEF 2024 Committees

Program Committee Co-chairs

  • Yaxin Bi, Ulster University, UK
  • Anne-Laure Jousselme, CS Group, France

Publicity Co-chairs

  • David Mercier, Université d'Artois, France
  • Anna Jurek-Loughrey, Queens' University of Belfast, UK
  • Fuyuan Xiao, Chonqing University, China

Publication Chair

  • Adrian Moore, Ulster University, UK

Local Organisation Committee

  • Naveed Khan, Ulster University, UK
  • Jorge Martinez Carracedo, Ulster University, UK
  • Colin Shewell, Ulster University, UK
  • Matias Garcia-Constantino, Ulster University, UK
  • Christopher O'Neill, Ulster University, UK
  • Maja Pavlovic, Ulster University, UK
  • Maurice Mulvenna, Ulster University, UK
  • Jun Liu, Ulster University, UK

Program Committee (To be updated)

  • Aldea Emanuel, Paris-Saclay University, France
  • Antoine Violaine, Clermont Auvergne University, France
  • Antonucci Alessandro, Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence, Lugano, Switzerland
  • Benferhat Salem, CRIL CNRS University of Artois, France
  • Bi Yaxin, Ulster University, UK
  • Campagner Andrea, IRCCS Ospedale Galeazzi Sant'Ambrogio, Italy
  • Ciucci Davide, University of Milano Bicocca, Italy
  • Couso Ines, University of Oviedo, Spain
  • Cuzzolin Fabio, Oxford Brookes University, UK
  • Denœux Thierry, Université de Technologie de Compiègne, France
  • Destercke Sébastien, Université de Technologie de Compiègne, France
  • Elouedi Zied, Institut Supérieur de Gestion de Tunis, Tunisia
  • Fermé Eduardo, University of Madeira, Portugal
  • Fu Chao, Hefei University of Technology, China
  • Hawe Glenn Ivan, Ulster University, UK
  • Huynh Van Nam, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Nomi, Japan
  • Jiao Lianmeng, Northwestern Polytechnical University, China
  • Jousselme Anne-Laure, CS Group, France
  • Kratochvil Vaclav, Institute of Information Theory and Automation, CAS, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Le Hégarat-Mascle Sylvie, Paris-Saclay University, France
  • Lefèvre Eric, Artois University, France
  • Lesot Marie-Jeanne, LIP6, Sorbonne University, France
  • Li Xinde, Southeast University, Nanjing, China
  • Liu Liping, University of Akron, United States
  • Liu Zhunga, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xian, China
  • Martin Ryan, North Carolina State University, United States
  • Mercier David, Artois University, France
  • Miranda Enrique, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
  • Moral Serafin, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
  • Pichon Frédéric, Artois University, France
  • Quost Benjamin, Université de Technologie de Compiègne, France
  • Ramasso Emmanuel, FEMTO-ST, France
  • Ramel Sébastien, Artois University, France
  • Reynaud Roger, Paris-Saclay University, France
  • Shenoy Prakash, University of Kansas, USA
  • Su Zhi-gang, Southeast University, China
  • Zhou Kuang, Northwestern Polytechnical University, China